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Lewis Gold DO
Dentist Pediatric Dentistry
Lewis F Gold DO

Lewis F Gold DO
20955 Professional Plz Ste 110
Ashburn, VA 20147
Michele Reilly DO
Dentist Pediatric Dentistry
Michele Qui Reilly DO

Michele Qui Reilly DO
20955 Professional Plz Ste 110
Ashburn, VA 20147
T Wesley Daczkowski DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
T Wesley Daczkowski DDS

T Wesley Daczkowski DDS
20925 Professional Plz Ste 210
Ashburn, VA 20147
Debbie Cleaves Manager
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Debbie Cleaves

Debbie Cleaves
20955 Professional Plz Ste 110
Ashburn, VA 20147
Douglas Alderman DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Douglas W Alderman DDS

Douglas W Alderman DDS
20955 Professional Plz Ste 110
Ashburn, VA 20147
Fred Farahi DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Fred F Farahi DDS

Fred F Farahi DDS
43330 Junction Plz Ste 122
Ashburn, VA 20147
A Kim Manager
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
A J Kim

A J Kim
20905 Professional Plz Ste 210
Ashburn, VA 20147
Michael Han DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Michael S Han DDS

Michael S Han DDS
20905 Professional Plz Ste 210
Ashburn, VA 20147
Patty Farmer Manager
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Patty Farmer

Patty Farmer
44110 Ashburn Shopping Plz Unit 166
Ashburn, VA 20147
Ike Lans DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Ike Lans DDS

Ike Lans DDS
44110 Ashburn Shopping Plz Unit 166
Ashburn, VA 20147
Oscar Bona Manager
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Oscar Bona

Oscar Bona
44355 Premier Plz Ste 230
Ashburn, VA 20147
Lonny Grimmer DDS
Cosmetic Dentist General Practice
Lonny Grimmer DDS

Lonny Grimmer DDS
44345 Premier Plz
Ashburn, VA 20147

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www.myspace/dentalvisits
Opportunity is knocking. "Better dental choices mean better dental care.
" First we'll tell you about the choices and then we'll tell you about the opportunity.

Dr. Judy Johnson, New York City cosmetic dentist, founded the website in 2001. It's a resource for dentists and is creating an opportunity for you. Today,
only seven years later, more than 90,000 medical and dental professionals now
have access to studies in:

Cosmetic dentistry
implant dentistry
endodontics
periodontics
pediatric dentistry
prosthodontic care
oral surgery and
restorative dentistry.

Because of these professionals a body of research is rapidly accumulating on our website. We provide the resources and the professionals, who know how to interpret them, apply the results of the studies and publish articles. This growing body of information is our website's contribution to public health education. We communicate
the diagnosis, the risk and the treatment benefits of different courses of clinical action. Better dental choices - better patient care at Dental Visits Centers for Cosmetic Dentistry.

Now for the opportunity!

For MySpace Friends: a cosmetic dentistry smile makeover!

To become eligible as a candidate or model:
1) You must be a Dr. Johnson's MySpace friend;
2) Post a letters on Dr. Johnson's Friends Comments requesting cosmetic treatment.
3) Please reference "HELP ME DENTIST! I NEED A SMILEMD 160 RESTORATION" in the title statement of the letter.
4) Each individual post must include a photo for positive identification (no exceptions).

We are now managing and aggressively funding dental treatment for ten thousand (10,000) MySpace smile makeover models until the expiration date of December 31, 2009.

Do you have ten (10) MySpace family members, co-workers, business associates, neighbors or civic, church or gym buddies? Do they have really bad teeth and hide their smiles? Could they benefit from community cosmetic smile makeovers? We would love to hear more stories about their overdue cosmetic smile makeovers! Please write to us or submit posts on our Comments and tell us their stories!

One of your MySpace friends may be eligible for the equivalent of a full mouth thirty-five thousand dollar ($35.000.00) community service value which may include the ZOOM One-Hour Professional Teeth Whitening. It will enable one MySpace friend to take a step closer to those beautiful brighter smiles that are seen on ABC's hit television show Extreme Makeover.

Let's do the math. MySpace has about 70 million registered users in the United States. Statistics tell us that means 10 million Of them have no health insurance. 5% of them - at least, we believe - have untreated dental conditions and that's 500,000 uninsured people who need us.

Our goal is to identify a 5% sample of those half a million people, or twenty five thousand (25,000) people, within the MySpace registered user population. Our target date is October 5th, 2009.

The deadline for the initial diagnosis of those 25,000 potential candidates is November 23rd, 2009. We have decided to put a cap on the total number of individuals for whom we can provide treatment benefits. The cap is 2 in 5 or 40%.

In other words 10,000 community service models will be eligible for the different clinical courses of action that are being developed while you read.
There is a provision - a string attached. All our dentists will provide cosmetic treatment records and every patient will disclose - fully - the details of procedures performed on each visit as a Dr. Johnson's Friends Comment during the year January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010.

Rising prices for medical care are making it harder for the average American to afford health insurance, leaving 47 million uninsured. We're seeking ten thousand (10,000) community cosmetic dentistry candidates for whole new smile makeovers. Just post us a comment and we'll give you an opportunity to have a multi-national news media smile!

The "SmileMD 160" service mark represents a guaranteed smile makeover because each doctor owns and independently controls the clinical operations at each http://facility. There a professional team of restorative dentists will annually contribute community cosmetic dentistry services to make the difference in the everyday life of at least one (1) MySpace friend.

Dental Visits permanent membership dentists will be permitted to select their potential patients for the beneficiary cosmetic dentistry smile makeover only from posts to Dr. Johnson's Friends Comments. The final decision and the rights to determine the selection of any MySpace friend is entrusted to the judgment of the team of doctors. This team is also responsible for preparation of the cosmetic dentistry smile makeover treatments.

Dental Visits deeply desires to consistently lead in the resolution of dental problems that develop because of restrictions and limitations imposed on the healthcare community.

Today's young adults and teenagers face a number of challenges. They include dental braces, bad breath, gum disease treatment, root canals, dentures, dental implants, amalgam and composite fillings, sealants, orthodontics, oral surgery, pediatric dentistry, crowns and bridges, TMJ therapy, tobacco cessation, veneers, cosmetic teeth whitening and nutrition counseling.

The dental procedures offered are the standard available in our offices at Dental Visits Centers for Cosmetic Dentistry.
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Doctors New York:
Excellence is SmileMD Accountable Care Program

Editor-in-Chief, Natalie S. Huffman, CAO
Wednesday, June 22, 2011 - 07:01 PM


Physicians, Dentists and Associates
In cities all across America, www.smilemd.com and www.dentalvisits.com are listing high on the first page(s) of Google; this permits doctors like you to instantly book unused appointments on a daily basis or publicly display available appointments to new patients for emergency visits. We'd like to list your medical or dental office(s) and associate(s) there. We’ve introduced Google “AdWords” advertising to the Top Cities nationwide and if you don’t see your city listed in the search results, please let us know. Eventually, it will show up. Actually we’re offering you spot advertising. It’s going to make the difference! Do this Google search: "Dentist or Doctor and (enter your name and your city)". We’ve got it NOW and your office(s) can be listed there.

Independent physicians and dentists are back where they belong—in control of their practices and leading American health care by supporting SmileMD and Dentalvisits commitment to AFL-CIO union affiliation. These organizations contract with independent physicians and dentists, and provide services to managed care organizations on a negotiated per capita rate, flat retainer fee, or negotiated fee-for-service basis. Doctors have had it with the way that they and their patients have been treated by the health care industry.

Healthcare Partnership
We've identified you as a top local doctor. We only want the most legitimate doctors on our site and to us, that's YOU! Take a look around, other companies are charging tens of thousands of dollars to do what we have already accomplished. For doctors who want more new patients, we've done this all around the country and now we want you to fill the local listing in your area or zip code. Our domain provides expertise targeted at brain function, weight reduction, smoking cessation, and life extension. We also have a comprehensive program available with video, print and web based components. We’re featuring this exclusive web listing offering(s) solely for introduction and assistance to help you make the transition to partnering with SmileMD Inc.

Preventative Medicine
Doctors may increase volume from 600 patients to more than 5,500 with our EHR group practice and spend more time with each patient. All patients get a yearly exam and extensive testing to provide a baseline for evaluating their conditions. Doctors spend more than an hour with each patient to do thorough examinations. SmileMD is making an impact on the care of patients, with more time to spend with each patient; doctors can focus on preventative medicine and follow up on the care of each person.

Medical Home Model
SmileMD practices are structured to resemble a medical home model in which the personal physician leads a team of individuals at the practice level who collectively take responsibility for ongoing patient care. According to the American Medical Association, this method of delivering care differs from traditional fee for service in that payments are based on the ability to demonstrate evidence-based protocols, self-management education, and care coordination with specialists and other facilities.

Excellence and Accountable Care
SmileMD has brought together leading experts in the fields of wellness and preventative medicine to formulate an individualized plan for each patient and implement program goals of Excellence and Accountable Care. Each treatment plan includes short- and long-term goals. Nurse practitioners assist in patient care, while certified nutritional specialists and registered dietitians serve as “health coaches” overseeing Excellence in the Accountable Care program. Consulting dietitians work on the development of nutritional practices that emphasize the supportive and therapeutic roles of specific dietary plans and supplemental protocols. Clinical social workers practice the goals of enhancement and the maintenance of physical, psychological (mental and emotional), social and spiritual well-being and the functioning of individuals, families, small groups and communities.

After a plan has been developed for patients, dietitians take over to implement directives related to nutrition and exercise. To encourage patients to use these resources, all wellness visits are provided at no cost with unlimited access to dietary services. Depending on the patient’s health condition, a specific program may consist of nutritional counseling to reduce HgBA1C, glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL. Exercise counseling is aimed at reducing body weight, blood pressure, and stress hormones.

Ecological Medication Successions
Medical home models resembling SmileMD’s are decreasing both morbidity and hospital emergency visits by more than 50 percent. SmileMD practices see more people with multiple conditions, which resulted in poor outcomes prior because of poor compliance. Our statistics show these practices conditioned patients to ecological medication successions like, Zocor for high cholesterol, Paxil for anxiety, Zenikal for uncontrolled weight gain, Lomotil for diarrhea, Scopederm TS for motion sickness, Ritalin for short attention span, Relenza for uneasy stomach, Zyrtec for hay fever and Aspirin for headaches. By providing better access to doctors, nurses, other health care professionals, and medical extenders who regularly follow up with good healthy diets and take action on exercise recommendations for each patient, outcomes are proving much better!

Personalized Patient Care
SmileMD is the referral source. Patients follow up with us. If a patient doesn’t show up for a scheduled visit, doctors follow-up. With SmileMD tracking each patient’s progress, we have a complete circle with no breaks in the loop, as follow-up is critical. There is no follow up in most traditional practices to close this loop. Patients are embracing the concept. They like SmileMD, and we are here 24/7, whenever they need us. Patients enjoy having customized care available in one place. Patients who probably would never go to another health professional, upon referral are coming back to us for their health care needs.

Home Care Services
SmileMD staff also provides personalized care that patients can’t get most other places. Nurse practitioners make house calls to elderly patients who can’t go to the office. Nutritionists and social workers also do in-home assessments when needed. Doctors do their own hospital rounds and give patients their telephone numbers so they can call them in case of a problem. We’ve cut the number of Emergency Room visits because often we can give monitored patients telemedicine remedies, over the phone, which will solve their problem. Not only does that prevent the patient from sitting in the ER for hours, it provides tremendous savings to third-party insurance companies.

Major Healthcare Services
Patients can participate in various clinical forums offered at each of our entertainment cafés, including cooking classes, yoga seminars, and programs on healthy eating. Such information can help them succeed in reaching their health goals. Patients have interactive online conference access 24/7 on www.dentalvisits.com and www.smilemd.com Again, it all goes back to proactive medical and dental care, more patient time, and instead of making referrals; patients are treated in our offices. At the end of the day, we make the difference, what we do better is deliver major healthcare services, cancer surgery, cardiac procedures, cataract surgery, hip and knee replacements, as well as MRI and CT exams.


DR. JUDY JOHNSON is a member of The New York Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry. Here she's questioning a top New York cosmetic restorative dentist, Dr. Samuel Waknine about the importance and advantages of using optimum materials in modern restorative dentistry; and about how TODAY'S RESTORATIVES RIVALS ACTUAL ENAMEL AND ARE ABLE TO SUSTAIN WEAR THAT IS AS LOW AS THREE MICROMETERS PER YEAR. Dr. Waknine is President of DRM Research Labs, which is mostly involved in research and development. He lectures at the academic and private sector level, providing either operative or technological instruction to clinicians and technologists all over the world.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Do you think that markets in the United States, or Central and Eastern Europe are ready for products with high aesthetic quality and state of-the-art materials?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): I think so! I've had a vast amount of experience lecturing worldwide and interacting both in the industrial sector as well as in the clinical and academic sector with many technologists, professors and clinicians whether it is in Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Poland or Russia. Indeed such materials are becoming more and more popular in those venues due to the fact that firstly, they are easier to use, secondly, they require less machinery and equipment in the laboratory and thirdly, chair-side time is significantly reduced.

The main disadvantages to this more sophisticated material is that it requires a dry field of operation during the momentary placement procedure, however, I think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages due to the fact that one has a material that is functional, aesthetic, matches tooth color, that is serviceable and is biocompatible, healthier overall compared to the traditional silver amalgam fillings and the standard crown and bridge alloys; nickel chrome, chrome-cobalt and silver-palladium products.

With traditional materials it takes two to three days and an innumerable amount of equipment, instruments and adjunct materials before a crown or a bridge is fabricated, whereas with our materials one is able to fabricate a rather vast or large restoration in less than one hour. So from a time, effort and equipment perspective, this is the preferred methodology for the laboratory.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Are there any other advantages of modern restorative materials?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): If we looked at a dental restoration in a chronological manner from infancy to adulthood, from pediatric dentistry to geriatric dentistry, we start out with a little tiny one-surface cavity, that escalates to a two-surface filling, then possibly leaks and has to be repaired and becomes a pin-retented three - or four-surface silver amalgam filling undermining the surrounding enamel, and then onward to a crown (usually poorly adapted or sealed), followed by endodontic treatment and a post/core build-up encapsulated by a crown prosthesis and possibly an extraction, even a bridge, usually non precious alloy (porcelain fused to metal), subsequent alveolar bone resorption and then possibly a removable prosthesis; partial or denture followed by ridge augmentation and possibly an implant. Because silver amalgams are very limited they usually have to be repaired somewhere down the line. By the time they have to be repaired, the carious lesion site usually has progressed so vastly that it invariably turns into a three-quarter crown or a full crown. On occasions, one even has to resort to crown and bridgework.

The approach with the new modern poly-ceram restorative materials is that if one can achieve a very good seal at a tooth restorative interface, which is really the hub or area of concentration of the technology, and then one can reduce the possibility of having to remake the restoration and ensue this very tedious and complicated voyage. This is not the case with the advanced restorative materials. If there is a failure it tends to be rather minor and require very quick patch-up and repair at the adhesive interface and so the incidences of secondary caries, remakes or repairs is significantly lower in potential expenditure and tooth loss. Which is a massive advantage whether you are in Prague, London or New York City?

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): What about the issue of durability?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): That is a very good point. There is a propensity to judge today's restoratives of the poly-ceram category by 'bunching them' with those of 40 years ago, particularly among dentists who were accustomed to those products then. However, composites or bonding materials from 40 years ago are a far cry from what is available today. Since then, we have gone through about seven generations of products and probably tens of thousands of research projects documented in the form of manuscripts and patents, so there has been a good deal of innovative progression in this field of technology.

Consequently, today there are several products that are very reliable. From the perspective of wear resistance, today's restoratives are able to sustain wear that is as low as three micrometers per year? Which rivals actual enamel? This compares with 40 years ago when it was 150 micrometers per year. According to statistics from pooled clinical data, today's restoratives have an average half-life of 17-22 years, which is very close to a silver amalgam restoration and or porcelain fused to metal crown. From a color stability perspective these products no longer have residual oxide by-products, they tend to be very stable and tend to maintain their anatomical form, contour and texture and overall physico-mechanical functional state. So yes, there are still some materials today that are not very reliable, and then, there are a few materials that are extremely advanced and are capable of rivaling any metallurgical or ceramic adjunct material.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Would you say that while these materials might perhaps be slightly more expensive, in the long run they save so much time that they work out to be more economical?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): Well, cost is certainly one element, but in today's society people are more health conscious and aesthetically aware, which are also factors that need to be considered. I think that a silver restoration for a posterior molar tooth is 50/50. No one looks back there so it may not be too important. However, for an anterior restoration there is really no choice in the matter, the thought of seeing gold or silver as you smile is rather awkward, therefore, more aesthetically pleasing materials become a matter of necessity. So for the anterior sector of the intra-oral environment it is a necessity. Furthermore, as far as the laboratory technician is concerned, modern materials are quicker and easier to use so there is really no reason why they should not be chosen.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Could you tell us a little about the history of dental restorations and the advances that have been made in recent years?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): Traditionally, metallurgical materials were used for restorations. This was a very well established practice for the best part of 150 years. In the case of fillings, silver amalgams were used to a large extent worldwide. These amalgams are 50 percent powder - composed of silver, tin, copper and a trace amount of zinc, and 50 percent liquid - which is pure mercury - amalgamated to form a paste, which is placed into the cavity. The silver amalgamates by reacting with the free mercury, while the copper interacts with the tin to create a cupric-tin complex strengthening/hardening interphase and the zinc acts like a scavenger to rid any unreacted metallic oxide residue. This material is not very technique sensitive, with near zero handling/manipulation error characteristics, so it's advantageous to the clinician due to the fact that it can be placed in a slightly moist environment, forgiving to isolation technique acuity, in lieu of deleterious effects to its tooth-margin interfacial integrity. However, there are serious disadvantages to this type of silver amalgam material in comparison to the modern poly-ceram composite fillings.

The silver amalgam is not tooth colored and is rather obvious when placed in the anterior sector of the oral environment. However, the modern poly-ceram composite can attain a near perfect tooth color match. Further, in the event the silver amalgam is applied beyond one third of the cuspal incline, it tends to undermine the surrounding thin-walled remaining enamel leading to cuspal fracture and/or radial cracks compromising the retentive surrounding tooth aspects, or the restoration itself. The poly-ceram is capable of achieving a chemical bond-linkage to the underlying organic dentin and a micro-mechanical bond to the surrounding enamel honeycomb prismatic structure with the aid of modern seventh generation adhesive technology.

This allows for a more conservative approach to tooth preparation guidelines criteria, with a greater emphasis on conservation of sound non-carious tooth structure. Conversely, such advances in adhesion technology have allowed for more substantial, larger restorations, in lieu of hampering the strength of the remaining tooth structure, especially with the advent of extra-oral processed inlay-onlay (three-quarter)-crown luted cemented restorations.

The metallurgical silver-amalgam product is electrically conductive, so it is not the most pleasant material to have in your mouth. By contrast, the poly-ceram composite filling is electrically non-conductive. The silver amalgam also undergoes an abrasion phenomenon leading to degradation, allowing the leaching of certain mercuric contents from the filling, which have been known to affect certain kidney and liver enzymes and even permeate the blood brain barrier. Although, the mercuric salt differs from the free mercury in its unamalgamated form, this remains a controversial issue.

Whereas the poly-ceram composites of the 1960s ensued upward of 150 micron wears per year, today's (circa 1993-2003) modern poly-ceram composites are able to sustain a clinical wear rate of 3-35 microns per year, a pivotal improvement. The corrosion by-product of the dental silver amalgam serendipitously seals the tooth restoration margin, in lieu of chemical adhesion, otherwise known as the Gamma-II Phase. In order to passivate this corrosion phenomenon, both marginal breakdown, surface pit-corrosion patterns and tarnish, high copper amalgams were innovated, however, a clear disadvantage of the accentuation of the Gamma-I Phase is that it leads to more prevalent bulk fracture and facilitated mercuric salt by-product release.

The G.V. Black rules of cavity preparation protocol innovated in 1898, and still practiced today, state the necessity of 'extension for prevention', in other words extending the cavity preparation/excavation beyond the carious limit zone in order to prevent recurring caries, thereby, consuming more tooth structure. In addition, due to the fact that silver amalgams do not chemically adhere to tooth structure, creating diatoric forms, undercuts, channeling and macro-mechanical retentive sites during the cavity preparation is both necessary to retent the amalgam as well as deleterious in sacrificing more sound tooth structure. On such occasion that the tooth preparation has been compromised to a great extent, the tendency is to use gold retentive pins in order to anchor and sustain the silver-mercury admix, a further unnecessary invasive step. Previous research has shown that a silver amalgam 'MOD' 3-surface, slot-like cavity preparation, restored class II molar tooth, sustains only 50 percent of a sound unrestored molar intercuspal flexural strength. Further, a modern poly-ceram composite restoration strengthens the tooth to 2xfold its potential intercuspal transverse strength. Silver amalgams used in large class II molar restorations; invariably cause a tattoo phenomenon of permanent tooth discoloration to a violet-gray/green tinge and even brown/black tint, this is quite evident when a clinician attempts the removal, replacement or repair of a failing old silver-amalgam restoration. This is not the case with modern poly-ceram composite filling materials. As a consequence, such restorations have, over the past 20-25 years, become less and less popular and alternatives, otherwise known as bonding or white fillings (or more prevalently known as composites) are now available.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Could you tell us about your particular area of specialty?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): At DRM Research Labs our area of specialty lies with these alternative restorations, which are composed of polymeric materials and glass ceramic fillers for reinforcement. Such restorations are used for a plethora of intraoral care including liners, cement, sealants, class V cervical erosion sites, and direct fillings, class I, II, III and IV in anterior and posterior tooth restoration. They were originally available in auto cure format (2-part systems) throughout the 1950-60s, then in photo cure UV-light initiated (200-400 nanometers). In the early 1970s and in the late 1970s the entire industry merged to photo cure blue or halogen light cure materials, which are initiated by a blue light ranging from 400 to 700 nanometers wavelength irradiated for 10-40 seconds. The light triggers a free-radical addition reaction in the material that converts it from a monomer (liquid state) to a polymer (solid form), hardened material.

Such materials have experienced a lot of problems, most of which have been resolved over the years, as the technology has become more refined. Our area of concentration and original innovation is the semi-crystalline poly-ceram nano-reinforced technology, and the particular line adjunct and borne of this pivotal innovation is the Diamond product line. There is an entire series affiliated with this ranging from the advanced adhesive, DiamondBond, the liner/cement/sealant, DiamondLink, the filling material, DiamondLite to the prosthodontic, crown and bridge system, DiamondCrown. It is the crystalline morphology and special oligomer-ceram interfacial characteristics that affords these materials certain physical, mechanical, optical and wear resistance properties that rival the standard amorphous polymer composites.

This special technology has afforded improved color stability, better tooth color matching ability, significantly higher fracture strength resistance, near-zero leaching/solubility, tremendous wear resistance, negligible polymerization-contraction forces, shrinkage, substantially improved tooth-adhesive marginal integrity due to advanced bonding mechanisms, biocompatible formulation and remarkable toughness, shock absorbing character, carrying this technology above the norm of the restorative niche into the realm of reconstructive materials, including prosthetics and implantology.

Of special interest is field prosthodontics and implantology due to the fact that the traditional superstructure encapsulating or crowning the underlying metallic alloy substructure is usually dental porcelain characterized as a very hard and brittle surface that is relatively unforgiving and complex in its laboratory application methodology. The PFM (porcelain fused to metal) restoration, although very popular, is infused with a spectrum of relative disadvantages:

i. The mechanical properties of dental porcelain exhibit an unusually hard material, four times that of natural tooth structure, which is rather non-forgiving, wears opposing dentition, weak in tension and flexure mode (low strength), and most importantly attains very low toughness, hence, unable to dissipate cyclic masticatory energy. Therefore, it is prone to fracture, delamination from the underlying retentive metal framework, eventually necessitating complex intra/extra-oral repair.

ii. This is further complicated by the use of popular dental alloys as the copings or frameworks for these dental porcelains such as nickel chrome and silver-palladium, which have been documented to ensue cytotoxic reactivity with the intraoral epithelial mucous membrane soft tissue contact zones, leading to cervical erosion, pocket formation, degradation of the interdentinal papillae and loss of periodontal ligature attachment, accelerating mobility and jeopardizing the overall stability of tooth structural-architectural ergonomics.

iii. The underlying metallic substructure lack of aesthetic quality or tooth color matching ability necessitates greater tooth structure compromise in order to plunge the metallic collar of the crown restoration, yielding a cervical margin below the gingival gum-tissue line, sub gingival. This leads to further bio-interaction at the sulcus with perio-ligature deterioration and poor hygienic maintenance due to inaccessibility to tooth brushing and dentifrice activity.

iv. These factors collectively are of great ramification when such materials, dental porcelain, are used in implant prosthodontics. Especially in single implants and the more popular immediate loading techniques, where the shock absorbing, high toughness, form and functional maintenance coupled with superb aesthetics of the semi-crystalline poly-ceram nano-reinforced DiamondCrown technology rivals any dental porcelain titanium implant superstructure. This is of great importance in particularly frail osseo integration transitional implant-prosthesis (crown) loading periods that will dictate the eventual success rate of the implant prosthesis integration and maintenance thereof.

Further, in complicated cases where temporomadibular joint disorder is prevalent and eventual characteristic tooth bruxism and jaw-clenching phenomena are evident, the semi-crystalline DiamondCrown technology, serves its purpose par excellence as the restorative of choice for occlusal rehabilitation. Whereby the shock-absorbing, cyclic masticatory energy dissipating special micro morphology of the crystalline lamellae leads to a micro elastic behavior, the reinforcing poly-ceram interdendritic structure allows for macro rigidity and architectural stability in spite of the tormented occlusal disappropriation. Further, enhanced by the ability to repair and maintain intra-orally opposed to the standard of the industry, dental gold.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Would it be advisable to undertake specific training before using the new restorative materials?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): Yes, training and education is a key factor in disseminating the proper methodology and operative techniques affiliated with this new generation of materials. The learning curve associated with the older generation metallurgical materials, from an intra-oral placement care point of view, is not very steep, so in order to become more adept at this type of restorative dentistry, it is very important to hold clinics, workshops and get-togethers or even chair-side practical workshops to bring about greater awareness as to what is the proper either surgical, operative or technical protocols that bring about a higher chair-side success rate, their corresponding clinical indications and material ramifications.

DR. JUDY JOHNSON (QUESTION): Who would conduct these workshops?

SAMUEL WAKNINE DDS (ANSWER): We actually conduct these workshops with an entire team of technologists, clinicians and scientists. We go from country to country and attempt to help generate a greater awareness of the proper clinical methodologies associated with advanced biomaterials chemical engineering. It's the education! "That's what brings about the real success in this restorative science." "

Write DR. SAMUEL WAKNINE, C/O NYC Dental Visits Midtown Manhattan Center for Cosmetic Dentistry
at info@dentalvisits.com